Premature mortality twice as high in most deprived areas compared to most affluent

A major new paper in the Lancet highlights rates of premature mortality that are two times higher in the most deprived areas of England (Blackpool) compared to most affluent (Wokingham).

Dr Harry Rutter, Clinical Research Fellow at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine was among the prominent experts in the field who authored the paper.

Dr Harry Rutter

Dr Rutter, a public health physician, was Principal Investigator of the CLAHRC’s evaluation of the Greater London Authority’s Healthy Schools London programme. 

All-cause age-standardised years of life lost due to premature mortality (YLL) and years lost due to disability (YLD) per 100 000 population by UK country and English Upper Tier Local Authorities, 2016

The work presents findings from a new Global Burden of Disease (GBD) Study funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and Public Health England. 

The Global Burden of Disease includes evidence collected and analyzed by a consortium of more than 3,000 researchers in more than 130 countries and provides a tool for goverments and policy makers to measure health loss from hundreds of diseases, injuries, and risk factors, so that health systems can be improved and inequalties tackled

The authors of the Lancet paper used the data to estimate years of life lost (YLLs), years lived with disability (YLDs), disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs), and attributable risks from 1990 to 2016 for England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland, the UK, and 150 English Upper-Tier Local Authorities. They estimated the burden of disease by cause of death, condition, year, and sex.

You can view via an interactive ‘Lost Years’ map – which reveals the extent of health inequality across the UK.

Changes in health in the countries of the UK and 150 English
Local Authority areas 1990–2016: a systematic analysis for
the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016
Nicholas Steel, John A Ford, John N Newton, Adrian C J Davis, Theo Vos, Mohsen Naghavi, Scott Glenn, Andrew Hughes, Alice M Dalton, Diane Stockton, Ciaran Humphreys, Mary Dallat, Jürgen Schmidt, Julian Flowers, Sebastian Fox, Ibrahim Abubakar, Robert W Aldridge,Allan Baker, Carol Brayne, Traolach Brugha, Simon Capewell, Josip Car, Cyrus Cooper, Majid Ezzati, Justine Fitzpatrick, Felix Greaves, Roderick Hay, Simon Hay, Frank Kee, Heidi J Larson, Ronan A Lyons, Azeem Majeed, Martin McKee, Salman Rawaf, Harry Rutter, Sonia Saxena, Aziz Sheikh, Liam Smeeth, Russell M Viner, Stein Emil Vollset, Hywel C Williams, Charles Wolfe,  Anthony Woolf, Christopher J L Murray