CLAHRC research investigating the impact of low emission zones on children’s physical activity and health has been featured on the BBC News
CLAHRC North Thames, in collaboration with three other CLAHRCs and a number of other research bodies, is evaluating the effects of London’s new Ultra Low Emission Zone (ULEZ) on children’s physical health and activity.
Our work is an offshoot of the CHILL (Children’s Health in London and Luton) study investigating the impact of pollution on children’s lungs. We are using the data created by CHILL to focus specifically on the impacts on children’s physical activity and health. CHILL featured on BBC News on January 16th.
Watch a clip below to see how school children are recording the effects of pollution on their lungs.
Professor Chris Griffiths, Chief Investigator for our work and part of the CHILL study is interviewed in the clip
Helen is a consultant in public health medicine and a health services researcher. She is a member of the CLAHRC research partnership team, and Deputy Director of the CLAHRC Academy. Her research uses qualitative and quantitative methods to evaluate health care and public health services.
A new BMJ Quality and Safety editorial by Dr Roman Kislov, Senior Research Fellow at the Alliance Manchester Business School, has highlighted CLAHRC work as an example of successful engagement with management theory by researchers.
Dr Kislov’s research focus is the processes and practices of knowledge mobilisation, and his editorial highlights our recent paper on how different NHS Boards implement a quality improvement intervention – the QUASER guide.
He cites the paper as “an example of successfully deployed theoretically informative approach, highlighting some practical tips for researchers who aspire to move from merely applying theory towards entering into dialogue with it and, through doing so, refining its assumptions.”
Read the editorial
Repeated calls have been made for the increased use of theory in designing and evaluating improvement and implementation interventions.1-4 The benefits are argued to include identifying contextual influences on quality improvement (QI), supporting the generalisability of findings and anticipating how future phenomena might unfold.2 5 Most importantly, the ability of
Read the iQUASER paper
Explaining organisational responses to a board-level quality improvement intervention: findings from an evaluation in six providers in the English National Health Service
Background Healthcare systems worldwide are concerned with strengthening board-level governance of quality. We applied Lozeau, Langley and Denis’ typology (transformation, customisation, loose coupling and corruption) to describe and explain the organisational response to an improvement intervention in six hospital boards in England.
The work of CLAHRC researcher Dr Bélène Podmore has been highlighted as “high quality” by the National Institute for Health Research. Bélène’s work, recently published in BMJ Open investigated how having a long-term condition impacts access to and benefit from hip and knee surgery. The research was promoted by NIHR via their “Signals” service. NIHR Signals summarise the latest important research on health care, public health and social care, along with implications for practice.
Why was this study needed? In the UK, over 210,000 hip and knee replacements were performed in 2017 at an average age of 68 for hips and 69 for knees. One in six of these people had an illness affecting their day to day life.
Read the paper
Podmore B, Hutchings A, van der Meulen J, et al
Impact of comorbid conditions on outcomes of hip and knee replacement surgery: a systematic review and meta-analysis
BMJ Open 2018;8:e021784. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-021784
Elena is a Senior Health Economics. She holds a PhD in Economics and Management from Padua University, a Master degree in Economics and Management of Health Care Services from Ferrara University and a first degree in Economics from Padua University.
Prior to coming to UCL she was a Research Associate at the Imperial College Business School, working on the economic evaluation of the Collaborations for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care (CLAHRC) for Northwest London.
She previously held a research post at the Department of Economics, Ferrara University, where she collaborated to a multi-year research project and undertook an economic evaluation of a Regional Colorectal Cancer Screening Program.
CLAHRC researchers highlight potential to use patient-reported outcomes for emergency admissions.
Patient-reported outcome measures or PROMs are a well-established method of capturing the views of NHS patients, allowing the service to assess the quality of care delivered, from the patient perspective.
PROMs use pre- and post-operative surveys completed by patients to calculate their health gains after surgical treatment.
While there is an extensive PROM programme across the English NHS, they have yet to be used in emergency admissions. These account for nearly 40% of all hospital admissions and are an area of increasing demand. However, this is also an area where the NHS knows least about;
- the quality of patient outcomes,
- whether resources are being used effectively,
- and whether there are unexpected variation between different providers
CLAHRC researcher and PhD Dr Esther Kwong investigated how to use PROMs to evaluate the quality of acute and emergency hospital care in the NHS. Esther developed and tested PROMS with patients who underwent emergency admissions, establishing that it is feasible to use PROMS in this clinical area.
They are presented in four new CLAHRC BITEs – postcard summaries of Esther’s published academic papers.